Verifying Your Identity with the IRS

The IRS began increasing identity theft identification efforts in the year 2015 (for the tax year 2014) following an increase of fraudulently filed tax returns. As part of these efforts to decrease fraud, the IRS may now send taxpayers a Letter 5071C asking for verification of an identity associated with a suspicious return.

The IRS may choose to validate a taxpayers identity if:

If for any reason you have received such a letter, it is important that you respond to this right away. Doing so will help to avoid further delays in processing your return.

You should also keep in mind that the IRS will NEVER call you or e-mail you in an attempt to verify your identity. All such requests are done in writing, there are no exceptions to this. If you receive a call from someone asking you to verify your identity and claiming to be with the IRS, it is most likely a scam.

How to Verify Your Identity

The letter that you receive will explain how to you are expected to verify your identity. Typically, the questions which will be asked pertain to the taxpayer and their past tax returns.

Responses can be made by calling the IRS at the toll-free number (typically found at the top of the letter). Alternatively, for the quickest verification taxpayers are urged to go online to and answer the questions there. Note - you only need to answer these questions if you received a 5071C letter.

Despite the letter arriving through the mail you are not advised to respond via mail. The reason for this is, there have been cases of letters that ask for personal taxpayer information which were not sent by the IRS. To avoid taxpayer scams always call the IRS prior to providing any personal information or mailing correspondence. Also, NEVER provide information over the phone to someone who has called you claiming to be an IRS representative.

Information You Will Need to Verify Your Identity

The information that the IRS has about you is based on the tax returns that you have filed in the past. That means that you should have your prior year tax information handy to use for verification purposes. This includes supporting documents, like your W-2s and 1099s.

If you have experienced identity theft problems in the past, you may also need to have your Identity Protection PIN handy. This PIN is assigned by the IRS and used along with your Social Security number to file your taxes. It adds an extra layer of protection for those who have already had their Social Security number compromised.



Q&A: What do I do if my tax return is rejected because my Social Security Number has already been used?

If the IRS has rejected your return because it has already accepted a tax return with your Social Security Number the first thing you should do is confirm with your spouse or other family members to ensure they have not filed on your behalf. If this is not the case, your next step is to contact the IRS' Tax Fraud Hotline. The phone number for this is 1-800-829-0433. The IRS Fraud Hotline will provide you with additional information regarding how to proceed with your filing.